Gallbladder Stone Surgery
Gallstones (biliary calculi) are stones made from cholesterol, bile pigment and calcium salts, typically in a combination that forms in the gallbladder. Gallstones are common complaint of the digestive system and affect around 15 per cent of people aged 50 years and over.
Other things that cause gallstones to form comprise the crystallisation of excess cholesterol in bile and the let-down of the gallbladder to blank entirely.
You might need quick treatment if stones block ducts and cause problems such as infections or inflammation of the gall bladder (cholecystitis) or pancreas (pancreatitis).
Laparoscopic Surgeon may remove your gallbladder (called a cholecystectomy) if gallstones are triggering problems. Procedures include laparoscopic (‘keyhole’) cholecystectomy or open surgery. Gallbladder is not a vital organ, so your body can survive quite well without it.
Symptoms of gallstones
In many of cases, gallstones may not show any symptoms. The common symptoms of gallstones are following:
- Discomfort or pain in the abdomen, specially right upper part, and back.
- Rise in abdominal pain after eating a fatty meal
- Other symptoms like fever and pain, if the gallbladder becomes infected.
In what way Gallstones Diagnosed?
- Blood tests
- Complete blood count
- Liver function test
- Coagulation profile
- Abdominal ultrasound
- Cholescintigraphy (HIDA scan)
- Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
- Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)
Causes and risk factors for gallstones
Gallstones are more common in women than in men. It’s quite common in overweight people and people with a family history of gallstones.
Treatment for gallstones
Treatment be subject to on the size and location of the gallstones, but may include:
- Dietetic alterations – such as limiting or removing fatty foods and dairy products.
- Medicines – some medications can liquify gallstones, but this treatment is only rarely given, due to side effects and a variable success rate
Surgical removal of the gallbladder or gallstones
Approximately 80 per cent of people with gallstone symptoms will need surgery. Surgeons may eliminate your entire gallbladder (cholecystectomy), and / or just the stones from bile ducts.
Procedures to remove the gallbladder include:
- Laparoscopic cholecystectomy – ‘keyhole’ surgery. Surgeons makes several small incisions (cuts) through the skin, allowing access for a range of instruments. Surgeon eliminates the gallbladder through one of the incisions
- Single Incision Laparoscopic surgery (SILS)——————
- Open surgery (laparotomy) – Surgeon reaches the gallbladder through a wider abdominal incision. Patient need open surgery if patient has a complicated condition.
- Medical factors to consider before cholecystectomy
- Prior operation, Patient need to discuss some things with your doctor or surgeon, including:
- Patient medical history, since some pre-existing conditions may affect decisions on surgery and anaesthetic
- Some Medicines patient take on a regular basis, including over-the-counter arrangements
- Any side effects from any medications.
Book an appointment with the Best gall bladder specialist Dr. Raman Singla in Chandigarh, Panchkula, Mohali, India at Radiance Hospital Mohali & Singla Mediclinic.