Presence of gall bladder stones may require surgery. Gallstones may be asymptomatic(without symptoms) or symptomatic(show symptoms) 

Asymptomatic Gall-Stones: Asymptomatic gall-stones are usually observed. Only high-risk asymptomatic patients (those having more probability to develop gall-stone related complications) are advised for surgery. The High-risk asymptomatic patients are diabetic, person on chemotherapy & immuno compromised person (HIV).

Symptomatic Gall-Stones: Symptomatic patients should consult to a medical expert for surgery. Laparoscopic (Keyhole) gallbladder surgery is a worldwide accepted treatment.

Type of Gall bladder stones:

Cholesterol gallstones develop when bile contains too much cholesterol and not enough bile salts. Risk factors for cholesterol stones are obesity, women taking estrogen either as family planning pill or for peri-menopausal hormonal supplement, diabetic person and those losing weight rapidly. Healthy lifestyle may minimize the development of cholesterol gall-stones.
Pigmented stone are made up of bilirubin and risk factors for pigment stones includes hemolytic anemias (such as sickle-cell disease and hereditary spherocytosis), cirrhosis (Liver failure), and biliary tract infections.
Mixed stones is the most common type seen in Indian-Asian population. They are composed of both cholesterol and salts.


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